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Modern-Day Nova Scitia
There are several 'pockets' of Acadian descendants found in Nova Scotia today. In some cases, you may find Acadian names but not the culture. This occurs in urban areas (ie. Halifax), in the former Beaubassin area (Minudie, Maccan, Nappan), and the communities of Pomquet, Tracadie, and Havre-Boucher. They can be found at:
Clare (Digby County) has perhaps the largest, most "Acadian" group on the French Shore. At the time of the return of the Acadians in the province after 1763, the lands they had previously occupied were now settled by the New England Planters whom had arrived after 1760. The Nova Scotia government allowed the Acadians to re-establish themselves provided they settled in areas other than their former homelands. Some arrived on the shores of present-day St. Mary's Bay, in Digby County to become primarily fishermen who supplemented their livelihood with small-scale farming, lumbering and boat building. Joseph Dugas and his family were the first to arrive in 1768. In subsequent years, other pioneer families arrived. Family names included: Amirault, Belliveau, Blinn, Boudreau, Comeau, Deveau, Doucet, Gaudet, Jeddry, LeBlanc, Lombard, Maillet, Melanson, Muise, Pothier, Robichaud, Saulnier, Thériault, Thibault, Thibodeau and Thimot. Today, the Municipality of Clare is the only one of its kind to operate in French within the province. When in the area, be sure to check out Université Sainte-Anne (which contains an Acadian Cultural and Genealogical Centre), St. Mary's church, the Acadian Museum and Tourism Office in Meteghan (which also has a Collège de l'Acadie Learning Centre).
Argyle (Yarmouth County) has a number of Acadian communities in the former Pobomcoup/Cap Sable area. Some of these towns are Pubnico, Quinan, Belleville, and Sainte-Anne-du-Ruisseau. Acadian surnames in this area include: Amirault, Babin, Belliveau, Boucher, Boudreau, Bourque, Corporon, Cottreau, d'Entremont, d'Eon, Deveau, Doucette, Dulong, Jacquard, Landry, LeBlanc, Moulaison, Muise, Pothier, Surette, Richard, and Vacon. When in the area, be sure to check out the Acadian Historical Village at West Pubnico.
Cheticamp (Inverness County) and nearby villages, first settled by the Acadian "Fourteen Elders" in 1782. Acadian surnames in the area include: Aucoin, Boudreau, Bourgeois, Camus, Chiasson, Cormier, Delaney, Deveau, Doucet, Fiset, Gallant, Gaudet, Haché, Harris, Larade, LaPierre, LeBlanc, LeFort, LeLièvre, LeVert, Maillet, Muise, Poirier, Roach, and Romard. When in the area, be sure to check out the Acadian Museum.
Chezzecook (near Halifax) was probably first settled by Acadians who had been held at Halifax until the Treaty in 1763. They were later joined by Acadians from Isle Royale and Isle Madame. When in the area, be sure to check out the Acadian House Museum in this area.
Isle Madame (Richmond County) was repopulated with Acadians in the later 1700s (though there had been some settlement there before the Deportation). Some of the towns in the area include: Arichat, West Arichat, Port Royal, D'Escousse, Poulamon, Rivière-Bourgeois, Martinique, L'Ardoise, and Saint-Pierre. The family names The Acadian surnames in this area include: Babin, Benoît, Boudreau, Briand, Forgeron, Fougère, Girroir, Gerroir, Gerrior, Landry, Levandier, LaLeucher, LeBlanc, Marchand, Martell, Mombourquette, Pâté, Poirier, Richard, Samson, Thériault, and Thibeau. When in the area, be sure to check out the Acadian Cultural Center and Nicholas Denys Museum. La Picasse has a College de l'Acadie Learning Centre.
Antigonish County has several villages settled by Acadians after they were allowed to return to Acadia in the 1770s and 1780s. These include Pomquet, Tracadie and Havre Boucher. Acadian-related surnames in the area include: Barriault, Begin, Bellefontaine, Benoit, Boucher, Boudreau, Briand, Broussard, Charpentier, Cornu, Coté, Daigle, DeCoste, Deon, Jacquet dit DesLauriers, Doiron, Drouillet, Fougere, Girroir, Landry, LaMarre, LeBlanc, Levandier, LeParou, Mathe, Maillet, Melanson, Meunier, Morell, Phillipard, Rennie, Roger, Roi, Toupain, Venedam, Vincent, and Wolfe.
Guysborough County has Acadian descendants that resettled there from Chezzetcook. They established the towns of Larry's River, Charlos Cove, and Port Felix. Acadian surnames in this area include: Bellefontaine, Benoit, Boudreau, David, Déon, Doiron, Fougère, Gerrior, Mannette, Pellerin, Pettipas, Richard, and Roi.
Relevant Links to Acadian Places of Interest in Modern-Day Nova Scotia
Annapolis Royal, NS:
Fort Anne National Historic Site
Canada's oldest Historic Site, it marks the location of Port Royal ... the "capital" of Acadia A museum displays the history of the fort.
Port Royal National Historic Site
The highlight of the location is a reconstruction of the early 17th century structures (the Habitation) built by the earliest French settlers.
The museum has a small display Acadian artifacts, and also has demonstrations of wool carding, spinning, weaving and rug hooking. There is a craft shop with locally made hooked rugs. Acadian-style foods are also sold.
Les Trois Pignons
This is a cultural and information center. It is home to La Société Saint-Pierre and other community organizations. There you can find the genealogy and history of the Acadians at Cheticamp, as well as a collection of fine artifacts (including the LeFort tapestries).
Church Point, NS:
Évangéline - The Musical drama
Though not an historic location, you should enjoy this portrayal of Longfellow's classic tale, given throught the summer months.
Ste. Famille Cemetery
This restoration of the Acadian Ste. Famille parish cemetery has been underway for a number of years.
Fortress of Louisbourg
This is a reconstruction of the 18th century French fortress. Though not an Acadian structure, it is certain that some Acadians visited there and many more had dealings with the community.
Colchester Historical Museum
Interested in the preservation and interpretation of the historical and natural history of Colchester County. This area included the Acadian area of Cobequid.
West Pubnico, NS:
The Acadian Museum & Father d'Entremont Arcives
This museum, by the La Socitete Historique Acadienne de Pubnico-Ouest, contains artifacts of Acadian culture and is located in the old Cape Sable area.
Le Village historique acadien de la Nouvelle-Écosse
A village of replicated and original Acadian buildings is being put together in southern Nova Scotia. It is scheduled to open in the summer of 1999.
This fort was built by the English around 1750 in the Pisiquid area of Acadia. You can still visit the blockhouse.
West Hants Historical Society Museum
The preserves artifacts and historical information related to Hants County, Nova Scotia ... which includes some Acadian material.
Grand Pre National Historic Site
The site contains 14 acres of formal gardens, statues, a 19th-century blacksmith's shop and a reconstruction of the Grand Pre church of the Acadians.
Grand Pre Historic Settlement
Tentative plans were made to put together an Acadian village next to the historic site. As far as I know, it was never undertaken. Any news on this project would be appreciated. The link takes you to a page on the idea.
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