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ACADIAN CENSUS 1678

The 1678 census of Acadia presented in the following eight messages was published in the "French Canadian and Acadian Genealogical Review", Volume VII, No. 1, Spring 1979, pp. 47-66. It was translated into English for publication by Rev. Clarence J. d'Entremont. He has inserted some comments in square brackets [ ] to clarify portions of the census. The original article was profusely footnoted. I have removed all of his notes as to the possible identification of the children in the census, but have left his estimate as to each child's year of birth following their age as it appears in the census, but have left his estimate as to each child's year of birth following their age as it appears in the census. These years did NOT appear in the census. From his comparison to the census of 1671 and 1686, he had determined that this census was possibly taken in the later part of 1678, but more likely in the early part of 1679.


A few things, however, need explaining. He notes that LA RAMEE, found on line 3 of folio 17, is actually Charles MELANCON, son of Philippe and Priscilla, and that LA VERDURE on line 6 is his brother, Philippe, Jr. Also, M or /M means months. In folio 17V in the listing for Antoine BOURG & Antoinette LANDRY is shown 1 boy, age 10, who d'Entremont estimates was born in 1660. This is probably just a typographical error, and most likely was their son Antoine born about 1662 according to other censuses.


The second family in folio 18, Pierre COMEAUX, is on of only two families in which the children were actually named. The other family was that of Francois GIROUER and Jeanne AUCOIN whose son Germain was named. Curiously, for you science buffs, Pierre was the only one in the census who claimed ownership of a compass. Sounds like he may have had a bad sense of direction <big grin>.


In folio 18V in the listing of Estienne COMMAU and Marianne LEFEVRE, the middle child is probably their daughter Catherine. In the listing for Antoine BABIN and Marie MERCIER, 6 girls are mentioned but only 5 ages are listed.


In folio 19 in the listing for Rene RIMBAULT and Anne Marie, he comments that Anne Marie must have been an Indian girl. In the next listing, he interprets Onis GODET as Denis GAUDET.


In folio 20 in the listing for Marie SALE Widow Jean Claude, he comments: "Marie SALE was living with this family. She was the widow of Jean Claude, who was an Indian. The case of a woman marrying an Indian is very rare; this is the only case we know of in Acadia..." He further states that Marie SALE was probably also the widow in first marriage of Martin AUCOIN, and hence, the mother of Martin AUCOIN, Jr., the first of the name in Acadia.


I have tried to proofread the following messages as well as possible. Those which appear to be misspellings, such as LA PRENCE, COLLORON, Geneviefve LE FRAN, BERAUD (BREAU), BERNABE, ROBICHAU and several uncapitalized names, are as they appeared in the article. Of course, I was not able to include any accented characters in names and places, but we're used to that, aren't we?


I hope that this census doesn't upset too many applecarts or cause major renovation of family files, but if it does, then as the French say, "C'est la vie." <big grin>. Have fun - I will---


(signed, Lucien Comeau, Gretna, La. 08/24/93, 21:50cdt)... Copied from the "In Search of Our Acadian Roots" CD-ROM, produced by Yvon Cyr in 1994.

 

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State of Inhabitants of Port Royal in 1678

 

Folio 17

Francois GAULTEROT
Bastien BRUN, 1 boy/ly, 2 cattle, 1 gun
10 barrels La Ramee
25 cattle
6 acres Les Voizins 8 Strangers
La Verdure 2 113 over 15 years
90 men - 69 guns - 55 families - 149 boys and 119 girls Marriageable; 610 horned cattle - 237 acres - 200 sheep - 500 pigs

 

Folio 17V

San SOUCY 29d 1 acre of high land, bordering at one end on the river, at the other end on the North wood [and] on one side Anthoine HEBERT [and] Denis GODET.

6 acres at Port Royal [,] Lyon RAMPA[N]T[,] bordering on Germain then on the meadow and the p[etite] R[ivier] then on Renee LANDRY.

3 acres at gros Cap [bordering] on Claude TERRIOT [and] Bernabe MARTIN at the road then at the river,
260 frontage.


Martin DUGAST & Marguerite PETIT PAS
12 acres 16 cattle 1 gun
1 boy


Charles BOUDROT & Renee BOURG
9 cattle 1 gun
2 boys 5 1673
4 1674
2 girls 3 1675
1 1677


Bonaventure TERRIOT Jeanne BOUDROT
1 acre 7 cattle 1 gun
3 girls 10 1668
5 1673
3 1675


Michel BROUDROT Michelle AUCOIN
12 acres 10 cattle 3 guns
5 boys 22 1656
20 1658
18 1660
16 1662
12 1666


Abraham DUGAST & Marguerite DOUCET
12 acres 20 cattle 1 gun
1 boy 18 1660
2 girls 15 1663
12 1666


Pierre DOUCET & Henriette PELLETRET
1 1/2 acres 10 cattle 1 gun
5 boys 17 1661
12 1666
14 1664
6 1672
3/M 1678
2 girls 10 1668
3 1675


Anth[oin]e BOURG & Thoinette LANDRY
3 acres 6 cattle 1 gun
1 boy 10 1660
1 girl 11 1667


The Widow JOFFREAU
Laurans GRANGER Marie LANDRY
4 acres 6 cattle 1 gun
4 boys 9 1669
6 1672
4 1674
2 1676
1 girl 11 1667


Philippe MYUS
1 girl 10 1668


Jacques MYUS Abraham MYUS Anne Marguerite
1 girl 1 1677
9 acres 12 cattle


Martin BOURG Marie POTET
4 cattle 1 gun
1 boy 6/M 1678
1 girl 3 1675


Bernard BOURG Francoise BRUN
8 beasts 1 acre 1 gun
1 boy 3 1675
4 girls 8 1670
5 1673
4 1674
2 1676

 

Folio 18

Clem.t BERTRAND & Hugette LAMBELOT 60 years


Pierre COMEAU Widower
Pierre 18 1660
Jean 14 1664
Anth.e 17 1661
Jeanne 16 1662
12 cattle 1 compass 4 oxen 14 acres


Jean COMEAU & Francoise HEBERT
3 children
1 cow 1 calf


Esthienne RIVET & Marie COMMAU
2 cattle
1 girl


Pierre COMEAU & Jeanne BOURG
2 cattle
1 girl


Francois GIROUER Jeanne AUCOIN
15 acres 18 cattle
Germain Girouer 22 1657


Ollivier DAIGRE Marie GODET
6 boys the oldest 12 years 1666
2 girls 2 years 1676
St Cristoffe at the Ste Marie Brook
4 acres 6 cattle

 

Folio 18V

Jacq LA PRENCE & Marguerite HEBERT
1 girl
4 acres 9 cattle


Jean HEBERT Single
2 acres 8 cattle


Dominiq GARRAU & Marie GODET
Jean Godet
1 boy 3 1675
The girl 4 years 1674
3 acres 8 cattle


Est[ienne] COMMAU Marianne LEFEVRE
2 acres 12 cattle
1 boy 4 1674
2 girls 7 1671
2 1676


Anthoine BABIN & Marie MERCIER
1 acre --4 cattle & 2 sheep
3 boys 15 1663
13 1665
3 1675
6 girls 11 1667
9 1669
7 1671
5 1673
3/M 1678


Manuel HEBERT Single 25 years 1 cow


Michel FOREST Widower
4 acres 3 cows & 2 calves 1 gun
4 boys 12 1666
10 1668
8 1670
3 1675
2 girls 6 1672
4 1674


Jaq BOURGEOIS & Jeanne TRAHAN
20 acres 15 cattle
2 girls 15 1663
12 1666


Renee LE BLANC & Anne BOURGEOIS

 

Folio 19

The widow GOUGEON
6 cattle
2 boys 11 1667
8 1670
1 girl 6 1672


Jean PITRE & Marie PESSELET
2 acres & 2 cows
4 boys 10 1668
5 1673
3 1675
1 1677
2 girls 14 1664
11 1667


Daniel LEBLANC Francoise GODET
12 cattle & 12 acres
3 boys 20 1658
17 1661
15 1663


Anthoine HEBERT & Geneviefve LE FRAN
Jac LE BLANC Catherine HEBERT
2 & 2 cattle 30 sheep
Jean HEBERT Marye DOUCET
1 boy 1 1677
20 cattle 10 acres


Philippe RIMBAULT & Catherine HEBERT
1 cow & 4 acres of land


Renee RIMBAULT & Anne MARIE
Land 4 acres 7 cattle
4 girls 19 1659
12 1666
8 1670
6 1672
1 boy 7 1671


Onis GODET Widower
Pierre GODET Marie BLANCHARD
4 acres 6 cattle
2 boys 3 1675
5/M 1678


Jean BLANCHARD & Radegonde LAMBERT
Guilleaume BLANCHARD Hugette GOUGEON
6 acres 17 cattle 1 gun
2 boys 3 1675
6/M 1678
1 girl 5 1675

 

Folio 19V

Francois GAUTREAU & Aymee LEJEUNE
6 acres 6 cattle
2 boys 20 1658
18 1660


Guillaume TRAHAN Madelenne BRUN
4 acres 6 cattle
3 boys 10 1668
8 1670
7 1670
3 girls 6 1672
5 1673
4 1674


Michel DU PEUX Marie GAUTROT
2 acres 6 cattle
3 boys 14 1664
9 1669
5 1673
1 girl 1 1677


Claude TERRIOT Marie GAUTROT
3 acres 5 cattle
3 boys 16 1662
9 1669
1 1677
4 girls 14 1664
12 1666
8 1670
4 1674


Martin BENOIST LABRIERE Marie CHAUSSEGROS
2 boys 5 1673
2 1676
2 girls 7 1671
1 1677


Germain SAVOYE Marie BERAUD
4 acres 4 cattle


Pierre GODET LESNE Anne BLANCHARD
3 acres 4 cattle
3 boys 6 1672
4 1674
2 1676


Laurans GODIN Anne BLANCHARD
1 boy 1 1677
3 acres

 

Folio 20

Vincelot BERAUD Marie BOURG
3 acres 5 cattle
4 boys 12 1666
9 1669
7 1671
4 1674
2 girls 11 1667
8 1670


Vincent BRUN Widower
Bastien BRUN & Huguette BOURG
1 boy 1 1677
1 girl 2 1676
6 acres 8 cattle


Pierre THIBAUDEAU Jeanne TERRIOT
12 acres 30 cattle
3 boys 11 1669
7 1671
5 1673
5 girls 12 1666
8 1670
4 1674
3 1675
1 1677


Pierre TERRIOT Cecile LANDRY
4 acres 4 cattle


Pierre LE JEUNE Marie THIBAUDEAU
3 acres 4 cattle


Rene LANDRY Marie BERNARD
20 cattle & 22 acres
4 boys 17 1661
14 1664
5 1673
2 1676
6 girls 15 1663
13 1665
11 1667
3 1675
1 1677


The Widow PESSELET
Francois LEVRON Catherine SAVOYE
1 boy 1677


Pierre MARTIN Anne [GODIN]
8 cattle 4 acres
4 boys 22 1656
11 1667
7 1671
6 1672
3 girls 5 1673
3 1675
6/M 1678


Pierre VINCENT
15 cattle 8 acres
4 boys 13 1665
11 1667
9 1669
7 1671
2 girls 15 1663
10 1668


Marie SALE Widow Jean CLAUDE
Francois BOURG Marguerite BOUDROT
8 acres 15 cattle
2 boys 13 1665
8 1670
3 girls 10 1668
5 1673
1 1677


Bernabe MARTIN Jeanne PELLETRE
4 beasts 6 acres
2 boys 7 1671
8/M 1678
4 girls 10 1668
6 1672
4 1674
2 1676


Estienne ROBICHAU Francoise BOUDROT
1 acre 19 cattle
4 boys 12 1666
9 1669
4 1674
1 1677
2 girls 15 1663
6 1672


Jean LABAT & Renee GAUTROT
10 acres 16 cattle


Rene LANDRY & Perrine BOURG
1 acre 10 cattle
2 boys 20 1658
15 1663
1 girl 23 1655

 

(from Lucien Comeaux, 08/24/93, 22:27cdt)

E PELLERIN Jeanne SAVOYE
1 acre 4 cattle
2 girls 2 1676
6/M 1678

 

Folio 20V

Francois BROSSARS & Catherine RICHARD
5 cattle


Michel RICHARD & Madeleine BLANCHARD


Germain DOUCET & Marie LANDRY
3 acres & 6 cattle 5 boys 15 1663
10 1668
8 1670
5 1673
3 1675
1 girl 3 1675


Michel RICHARD
10 acres 21 cattle
4 boys 22 1656
19 1659
13 1665
10 1668
5 girls 8 1670
8 1670
6 1672
3 1675
1 1677


Michel BOUDROT at the brook of brother Joseph TIRART at the southeast at M[aitr]e Abraham to the River Au Seigneur
2 Leagues




I am grateful to Joe Crochet who provided the above-noted information for the... "In Search of Our Acadian Roots" CD-ROM ©1994 (now available in Windows Version).

* with corrections by Yvon Cyr


 

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